You keep hearing the phrase 'gender pay gap.' Mind it, because the gap is having a big year. Welcome to the debate over equal pay.
The fight for women to have the same size paychecks as men picked up steam during WWI and WWII. Because while the dudes were at war, women took factory jobs that were usually reserved for the XY chromosome crowd. Think: "A League of Their Own", but without the baseball uniforms. This was one of the first times the country saw a large group of women doing the same jobs as men...and getting paid less for it.
Not anymore, technically. The Equal Pay Act of 1963 made it illegal to pay men and women different salaries for similar work. It seemed like one giant leap for womankind, but there were a lot of loopholes that made it difficult to enforce. Then the Civil Rights Act of 1964 made it illegal to discriminate in the workplace based on race, national origin, religion, or…yup…gender. Also not really enforced.
There are 'we heart equal pay' supporters, who say the fight is a key part of the equal rights movement. There are 'equal schmequal' opponents, who say women aren’t paid unfairly, they just tend to work in jobs that pay less. And there are people in between, who say women deserve equal pay, but they should focus on working for a raise and not asking Uncle Sam for legislation.
Because the equal pay debate has played out in a very public way in recent years. There was the time Sony got hacked, and came under fire for shortchanging its leading ladies. Then there was the time the US women's national soccer team sued the US Soccer Federation because they’re paid as little as 40% of what the men’s team gets paid. And that time the US women’s hockey team threatened to boycott the world championship unless USA Hockey (the group that oversees ice hockey programs) gave them better pay and equal benefits to the men's team.
Nope. They're even worse for minorities. Especially black and hispanic women. On average, white women make 82 cents for every dollar a white man makes. For Asian women that number is 87 cents. But for black women, it's 65 cents. And for hispanic women it's 58 cents. The good news: all of these gaps have been getting smaller over recent decades. The bad news: they’re getting smaller at a slower rate for minorities.
Yes. Back in the '90s, the National Committee on Pay Equity (yes, it exists) decided to stop talking about the gender pay gap, and actually show people how bad it is. Enter: Equal Pay Day. It marks how far into 2017 women have to work (on average) to earn what men earned in 2016. Right now, women make about 79 cents for every dollar earned by men. This year, Equal Pay Day is April 4th.
The most recent attempt to close the gap -- legislation called the Paycheck Fairness Act -- fell a few votes short of passing in the Senate in 2014. Translation: the debate over equal pay is far from over, so expect to hear a lot more about why Jack gets paid more than Diane.