The gender gap is more than women earning 82 cents for every dollar paid to men. Introducing: the wealth gap.
Knowledge is power. Beyond income inequality, the gender wealth gap shows how much money women vs. men are able to keep and grow. And spoiler: the financial facts are stacked against women, especially BIPOC women.
Heavier debt burden: Women bear almost two-thirds of the nation’s student loan debt. Black women carry the most debt with $41,466 one year after graduation, compared with $31,276 for all women and $29,270 for all men. Pacific Islander and Hawaiian women hold the next biggest balance at $38,747. American Indian or Alaska Native women are third with $36,184. Even worse: it takes women longer to pay it off because of typically lower wages.
More challenges at work: Only 72 women for every 100 men are promoted and hired to manager-level jobs. So women end up holding only 38% of those higher-paying roles – leaving few the opportunity to climb higher.
Greater expectations at home: Before the pandemic, women in opposite-sex couples spent two more hours a day on household chores and childcare than their male partners, on average. Women also tend to take on more caregiving responsibilities for aging parents.
Less to invest: Lower overall earnings contributes to women on average holding two-thirds of what men have in their retirement accounts. The average white woman still retires with about $43,000 more than the average Black woman.
Yup. And the pandemic made it all worse: women (again, especially BIPOC women) are losing more jobs, getting hired less, and spending more time on caregiving. Decades of progress toward gender economic equality has been undone in months.
You can fight back. Starting with getting your own finances in order.
Prioritize paying it off. Because being in the hole makes it harder to reach your money goals, especially ones that could help you accumulate wealth. Like owning a home and investing for the future. Speaking of investing...
Work on changing that ASAP. Because the sooner you start investing, the more time your money has to grow. And you don’t need a lot to invest regularly. Many investing platforms have no account minimum, and you can start buying with as little as $5. If you're already investing for retirement, try to increase your monthly contributions by at least 1% of your salary every six to 12 months. And whenever you get a raise.
Ask for it. Talk to your boss about whether a raise or promotion can be in your near future. If you hear 'no,' get some feedback and revisit the convo in a few months. You can also consider earning extra money with a side hustle. No matter what, be your own advocate. Revamp your resume and LinkedIn profile, sharpen your skills, and lean on your network to find every opportunity you can.
Vote. A lot of these problems are ingrained in the system and require major policy changes to fix. Back candidates who support making those changes (think: promoting pay transparency, adopting national paid family leave, and addressing caregiving needs) a priority.
Support other women, too. Invest in and shop at women-led businesses. Even when money's tight, you can lift them up by leaving positive reviews and tagging them on your social media. Also – and this is important – normalize talking about work and money with your friends. Celebrate their professional and financial accomplishments just as much as personal milestones.
Oh, and when you shatter that glass ceiling, help clear the way for the other women following you up. Elevate their voices and make room for them to contribute ideas and showcase their skills.
The gender wealth gap is a complicated problem we can't fix on our own. But you can make a difference for yourself by making your finances a priority. Lift up other women by being intentional about who you vote for, which businesses you support, and how open you are about money with your friends.
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Skimm'd by: Ivana Pino, Stacy Rapacon, and Elyse Steinhaus