You're about to get a preview of a premium Guide. Guides are a feature of theSkimm App that make it easier to go down a rabbit hole on the biggest issues in your newsfeed. They go beyond what you see in the Daily Skimm to give you the history and context of everything from climate change to artificial intelligence to the rising cost of college. Plus, they include exclusive audio stories just for app subscribers.
Brexit negotiations have been going on for over two years. One major holdup: What to do about the Irish border.
It was the site of decades of violence. First, some history. Ireland used to be one territory under British rule. But not everyone was into this arrangement, and in the early 1920s, Ireland was split in two. Southern Ireland, where the majority of people are Catholic, became the Republic of Ireland. Northern Ireland, where the majority of people are Protestant, remained part of the UK.
Correct. In Northern Ireland, the Catholic minority felt they were being undermined by the local governments and police. And in the late ‘60s, they started staging civil rights protests that led to clashes with police. This kicked off decades of violence known as the Troubles, with fighting between Catholic and Protestant paramilitary groups, and clashes with British troops deployed to the area. Border checkpoints were frequently attacked. More than 3,500 people were killed in bombings, shootings, and other incidents. Download theSkimm app for our Skimm Notes deep dive into what this period was like.
Both sides signed a peace agreement in 1998. It’s known as the Good Friday Agreement because, we’ll let you guess why. Northern Ireland would remain part of the UK but set up its own assembly – made up of both unionists who wanted to remain part of the UK and nationalists who didn’t – to make certain decisions locally. And border checkpoints between Ireland and Northern Ireland, which were by then both part of the EU, went away. Except...
The tension never really subsided. To this day, many Catholic and Protestant neighborhoods in Northern Ireland are separated by fencing or walls. More than 90% of kids attend predominantly segregated schools. And the history there has made Brexit negotiations very (very very) complicated. And it all has to do with that border between Ireland (part of the EU) and Northern Ireland (part of the UK). We get into why, the options on the table, and what could happen next in theSkimm app. Every week, the app goes deep on a different news topic to give you the context you need to understand what's going on in the world. Download the app now and you get the first week free.
Sign up for the Daily Skimm email newsletter.
Delivered to your inbox every morning and prepares you for your day in minutes.
It’s that time of the decade: the government is taking a headcount of the US population. Here’s what you need to know about the history of the census and what to expect this year.
China wants to pull a Jack Dawson and be king of the world.
This week marks 65 years since the historic Supreme Court decision Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. The court ruled that segregation in schools -- aka keeping white kids and black kids in separate schools -- was unconstitutional.