There are more than 11 million LGBTQ+ adults in the US. And many are concerned about discrimination.
In June, SCOTUS ruled that the 1965 Civil Rights Act protects LGBTQ+ employees from workplace discrimination. It was a landmark ruling – before then, more than half of US states lacked workplace protections for LGBTQ+ employees. Now, many are calling on lawmakers to pass the Equality Act, which passed in the Democratic-led House last year but isn’t expected to go up for a vote in the GOP-led Senate. The bill would enshrine protections in areas beyond employment, including in housing and education.
Meanwhile discrimination persists in the military, with transgender Americans banned from openly serving. And state laws can leave the door open for churches, businesses, and other organizations to discriminate against members of the LGBTQ+ community. There’s also concern for LGBTQ+ Americans’ safety. One 2017 poll found that more than half of LGBTQ+ Americans have experienced violence, threats or harassment. And FBI data shows that anti-LGBTQ+ hate crimes have been on the rise in recent years, accounting for almost one in five hate crimes in 2018. Hate crimes against black transgender women in particular are believed to have spiked. This year, the killings of two black transgender women – Riah Milton and Dominique “Rem'mie” Fells – sparked protests across the country.
LGBTQ+ Americans have seen some key civil rights victories in recent years, including securing the right to marry and protections from discrimination in the workplace. But many still face the threat of discrimination, harassment, and violence in their everyday lives. Here’s where the candidates stand:
President Donald Trump
Banned transgender Americans from serving openly in military
Passed religious exemptions to let adoption agencies discriminate against LGBTQ+ Americans
Reversed Obama-era protections for LGBTQ+ Americans in health care and health insurance
Reversed Obama-era protections that allowed transgender students to use bathrooms corresponding with their gender identity
Former VP Joe Biden
Voted for “don’t ask, don’t tell” – military policy barring openly gay people from serving; he's since evolved his approach to LGBTQ+ rights
Says he’ll prioritize enacting the Equality Act within first 100 days
Reinstate Obama-era protections to allow transgender students to use bathrooms corresponding with their gender identity
Reinstate Obama-era protections for LGBTQ+ Americans in health care
Reverse the transgender military ban
Ban conversion therapy
Sign up for the Daily Skimm email newsletter. Delivered to your inbox every morning and prepares you for your day in minutes.