2020·4 min read

Police Reform

Police badge
November 6, 2018

The Story

More than 600 people have reportedly been shot and killed by police so far this year.

Tell me more.

There is a legacy of distrust between law enforcement and communities of color in the US. Now that people have a smartphone and social media, recordings of altercations between Americans and police have been shared and viewed at a rate never seen before. Over the last few years, cases of minorities being killed by police officers have raised awareness of police brutality – and given rise to the Black Lives Matter movement.

640 people were killed by police in the first half of 2018

Walk me through that.

In 2012,

Trayvon Martin

– a black, unarmed 17-year-old – was shot and killed by neighborhood watch volunteer George Zimmerman. Zimmerman wasn’t charged until weeks later, and in 2013 was found

not guilty

of second-degree murder and manslaughter. There were


. Activist Alicia Garza described the verdict feeling like a gut punch. She wrote a Facebook post that

ended with the words

, “Our lives matter, Black lives matter.” Another turning point came in 2014. Unarmed black man

Eric Garner

died after a police officer put him into a chokehold. Then

Michael Brown

– an unarmed black 18-year-old – was shot and killed by white police officer Darren Wilson after an altercation. There were more protests. People holding signs and wearing shirts reading “black lives matter” gave the phrase name recognition. Since then, people like

Walter Scott


Stephon Clark

, and many more have become household names for similarly tragic reasons.

Anything else?

Amid all of the tension surrounding this issue, people have killed police officers in New York City,


Baton Rouge

, and around the country. This has led some to organize in support of police officers under the name

Blue Lives Matter

, since dozens of

police officers

die every year in the line of duty. And then there’s

All Lives Matter

Tell me about that.

This phrase became more popular after the Ferguson, MO protests over Brown's death. Some people note that police have killed hundreds of white people, too. And believe the focus on race is divisive and counterproductive.

What does the left say?

Welcome to a long overdue conversation about race. Throughout US history, black lives have been treated differently. That’s led to systemic inequalities white Americans don’t have to live with. Now, we need to reform how police officers are


and make sure our judicial system

holds police accountable

for what they do in the line of duty.

What does the right say?

A lot of us think the Black Lives Matter movement is divisive and at times violent. Many of us think we need to address the underlying problems – like the violent crimes police are protecting us from.

What can my elected reps do?

— Mayors

often appoint police commissioners. And can address controversial police practices like stop-and-frisk


state legislators

can introduce and pass bills that require police to be transparent about cases of deadly or harmful use of force

— Governors

can also take action to

protect police officers

or try to hold them

independently accountable


People have a lot of opinions on what the police can do to reduce unnecessary deaths. A lot of those changes can happen on the local and state level.

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