Bitcoin's having a rollercoaster 2021. The value of one coin hit an all-time high of nearly $65,000 in April. Then sunk down to below $30,000 in mid July before climbing back up again – with plenty of swings in between.
A lot has influenced the digital currency's wild ride. Think: institutional investors, inflation fears, Elon Musk tweeting. And its mainstream status leveled up when El Salvador became the first country to officially adopt it as legal tender. Which also stirred up a lot more volatility (and criticism).
Here's what all this could mean for your wallet.
Before you jump on the Bitcoin bandwagon...
Know the risks. Not to burst your bubble, but Bitcoin is still pretty new. And not without downsides. See above: extreme volatility. Also, being based on new tech makes it hard to fully understand. To help with that, we Skimm'd more about Bitcoin and blockchain and how they work.
Get your financial sh*t together. Before you invest in crypto, make sure the rest of your financial ducks (aka your emergency fund, debt repayment plan, and retirement savings) are in order. And remember: when betting on any speculative investment, you should keep it to a small part of your portfolio. And only invest money you'd be okay losing. As in, not your whole life savings.
Maybe wait for an easier way in. A Bitcoin exchange-traded fund may make its way to market in 2022 or 2023 after many rejections by American regulators. (Canadian regulators approved the first publicly traded North American Bitcoin ETF in February.) Reminder: ETFs are baskets of investments that trade like stocks. Read: a more familiar, efficient way to invest.
Your next move is up to you. You could:
Trade it. For fiat currencies (aka money that's backed by the gov). Or other cryptocurrencies like Dogecoin, Ethereum, and Litecoin, if you like their prospects better.
Spend it. Companies like Newegg and CheapAir.com, are accepting it as a form of payment. But heads up: the IRS currently considers Bitcoin "property." Read: if it's worth more when you spend it than when you bought it, the difference in its value is taxed as a capital gain.
Hang in there. If you buy the hype about crypto soaring for the rest of the year, holding onto your investment could be smart.
The short answer: it could affect the global economy and future of money.
Bitcoin is making it easier for people in some developing countries to work around stringent regulations and access capital not regulated by problematic governments. Especially in poorly banked countries and areas with high inflation.
In the same way that paper money eventually replaced gold bars, crypto could one day replace some current forms of payment. But probably not without some tweaks. Bitcoin's anonymous nature makes it a magnet for things like tax evasion, money laundering, and fraud. Addressing these challenges might mean more regulation. And now that one country is adopting it, the US and others have to figure out how to deal with that sooner rather than later.
Even though Bitcoin is in its tween years, it's still the new kid on the block when it comes to investing. Read: high risk. So proceed with caution. If you're tempted, make sure Bitcoin fits into your overall financial plan. And that you'll be okay financially (and emotionally) no matter what it does next.
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Skimm’d by: Ivana Pino, Casey Bond, Stacy Rapacon, and Elyse Steinhaus